Where does CBD come from?
CBD or cannabidiol is one of the many components which is found in the Cannabis plant. CBD extracts are being used in many forms such as bath bombs, CBD gummies, and many other products. And the reason why it is so popular is that it gives all the benefits of a cannabis plant except it does not get you high. Cannabis plant has a bad reputation for giving the high feeling and people started abusing it, but many people don’t know that it’s the THC in it which gives the high feeling not the CBD. They both are found in common plants but have totally different properties in them.
Thus we say now that CBD is derived from the cannabis plant and it is one of the hundreds of compounds found in the Cannabis plant. It is intoxicating in nature and is used to make many CBD related products including CBD oil.
How CBD is regulated in Canada?
CBD is a controlled substance under United Nations drug control conventions. Consistent with the controlled status of CBD internationally, CBD is a controlled substance in Canada and other jurisdictions.
As a result, CBD and products containing CBD are subject to all of the rules and requirements that apply to cannabis under the Cannabis Act and its regulations. This includes CBD derived from industrial hemp plants, as well as CBD derived from other varieties of cannabis.
Under the Cannabis Act activities with phytocannabinoids (including CBD) remain illegal, unless authorized.
Before the Cannabis Act came into force, CBD was:
- regulated under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act
- strictly controlled
It was not legal to produce, sell, import, or export CBD unless authorized for medical or scientific purposes.
Under the Cannabis Act, CBD products remain strictly regulated and are only legal when sold in compliance with the Act and its regulations.
The Act and accompanying regulations place strict controls on cannabis:
Health Canada oversees the production of cannabis products. Health Canada is also responsible for overseeing the distribution and sale of:
Cannabis, including any CBD-containing cannabis products for medical purposes
The provinces and territories are responsible for determining how cannabis is distributed and sold within their jurisdictions.
They set rules around:
- how cannabis products can be sold
- where stores may be located
- how stores must be operated
Rules for growing and selling cannabis in Canada
To cultivate any cannabis plants that you intend to sell, you must have a federal license issued under the Cannabis Act.
This license could be:
- A cultivation license under the Cannabis Regulations
- Authorizing growing of cannabis plants with varying amounts of THC and CBD
- An industrial hemp license under the Industrial Hemp Regulations
- Authorizing cultivation of specific varieties of cannabis plants with a THC content of no more than 0.3% in the flowering heads, branches, and leaves.
Producing and selling CBD
CBD and products containing CBD are subject to all of the rules and requirements that apply to cannabis under the Cannabis Act and its regulations.
You must have a processing license to manufacture products containing CBD for sale, no matter what the source of the CBD is.
CBD and products containing CBD, such as cannabis oil, may only be sold by a:
Provincially or territorially-authorized cannabis retailer
Federally-licensed seller of cannabis for medical purposes
Importing and exporting CBD products
The movement of cannabis and cannabis products between countries is covered by 3 United Nations drug conventions, including the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 as amended by the 1972 Protocol.
CBD is currently a controlled substance under the Single Convention. CBD products may therefore only be imported or exported under very specific conditions. Any import or export must meet all of these criteria and may only be done:
By a holder of a license issued under the Cannabis Regulations. Under an import or export permit issued to the license holder by Health Canada for that shipment. For a legitimate scientific or medical purpose, as per international agreements